Agriculture is the mainstay of the Nepalese economy, contributing approximately one-third of total GDP. A total of 74% of the total population still depends on agriculture for their subsistence. However, the growth rate of agriculture has not been encouraging, due to low investment both by the GON and the farmers themselves.
Nepal has great potential in tea, ginger, cardamom, and sugarcane production, which have high demand in the international market. Rice, wheat, and maize are the main food crops, and mustard, soybean and sunflower are the major oilseeds. Potato, lentil, tobacco and jute are the major cash crops, which have high demand in local market.
The Terai, Hills, and Mountains are suitable for various types of agriculture. There is considerable scope for commercial farming, tea, cardamom, coffee, honey, and ginger.